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Disciplines
Career and Technical Education (Occ Ed)
ASL and Translation
American Sign Language 1 A 1601V
This introductory class will introduce students to American Sign Language (ASL). Emphasis will be on expressive and receptive sign language skills, vocabulary building and understanding basic ASL grammar. Students will gain an appreciation for American Sign Language as a legitimate language through the study of the history of American Sign Language, the nature and causes of deafness and exposure to the local deaf community. Students should be prepared to spend the majority of the classroom time in silence and to receive instruction primarily through a visual/gestural mode.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1602V - American Sign Language 1 B
American Sign Language 1 B 1602V
This introductory class will introduce students to American Sign Language (ASL). Emphasis will be on expressive and receptive sign language skills, vocabulary building and understanding basic ASL grammar. Students will gain an appreciation for American Sign Language as a legitimate language through the study of the history of American Sign Language, the nature and causes of deafness and exposure to the local deaf community. Students should be prepared to spend the majority of the classroom time in silence and to receive instruction primarily through a visual/gestural mode.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1601V - American Sign Language 1 A
American Sign Language 2 A 1611V
The student will improve fluency in finger spelling, signing skills, expressive skills, and broaden knowledge of the Deaf experience. Students will explore the role of sign language interpreters. Students should be prepared to spend the majority of the classroom time in silence and receive instruction primarily through a visual/gestural mode.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: American Sign Language 1.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1612V - American Sign Language 2 B
American Sign Language 2 B 1612V
The student will improve fluency in finger spelling, signing skills, expressive skills, and broaden knowledge of the Deaf experience. Students will explore the role of sign language interpreters. Students should be prepared to spend the majority of the classroom time in silence and receive instruction primarily through a visual/gestural mode.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1611V - American Sign Language 2 A
American Sign Language 3 A 1621V
This course is a higher intermediate level class dealing with more complex language. Community projects are a focus to help students acquire a practical working knowledge of ASL. Students will be expected to develop their second language to a conversational level through class participation, and continued participation in activities with the Deaf community. Students are required to interpret a variety of interpreting simulations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: American Sign Language 2.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1622V - American Sign Language 3 B
American Sign Language 3 B 1622V
This course is a higher intermediate level class dealing with more complex language. Community projects are a focus to help students acquire a practical working knowledge of ASL. Students will be expected to develop their second language to a conversational level through class participation, and continued participation in activities with the Deaf community. Students are required to interpret a variety of interpreting simulations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1621V - American Sign Language 3 A
American Sign Language 4 A 1631V
This course is a higher intermediate level class dealing with more complex language. Community projects are a focus to help students acquire a practical working knowledge of ASL. Students will be expected to develop their second language to a conversational level through class participation, and continued participation in activities with the Deaf community. Students are required to interpret a variety of interpreting simulations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1632V - American Sign Language 4 B
American Sign Language 4 B 1632V
This course is a higher intermediate level class dealing with more complex language. Community projects are a focus to help students acquire a practical working knowledge of ASL. Students will be expected to develop their second language to a conversational level through class participation, and continued participation in activities with the Deaf community. Students are required to interpret a variety of interpreting simulations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, World Language and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 1631V - American Sign Language 4 A
Business and Marketing
NextTools Academy 4205A
This is the NextTools option for students selected to participate in the 9th grade academy. Empower yourself by integrating the latest online technology into your life. Learn to use Web 2.0 Tools and how to be a good digital citizen. Discover how you can unleash your creativity and find new ways to share your learning with others. This project-based class will allow you to collaborate with your peers and develop critical thinking skills as you learn how to be effective users and producers of information and ideas. Learn how to manage your time and resources working on your own and with groups. Learn about the impact of technology on culture and society as well as the legal and ethical implications of our digital age. This class will allow you to find your voice and follow your imagination as part of a creative learning community. Join the online revolution and use Web 2.0 Tools to ignite your learning experience. Students are encouraged to participate in DECA.
COURSE NOTE: This is the NextTools option for students selected to participate in the 9th grade academy.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9
NextTools 4206
Empower yourself by integrating the latest online technology into your life. Learn to use Web 2.0 Tools and how to be a good digital citizen. Discover how you can unleash your creativity and find new ways to share your learning with others. This project-based class will allow you to collaborate with your peers and develop critical thinking skills as you learn how to be effective users and producers of information and ideas. Learn how to manage your time and resources working on your own and with groups. Learn about the impact of technology on culture and society as well as the legal and ethical implications of our digital age. This class will allow you to find your voice and follow your imagination as part of a creative learning community. Join the online revolution and use Web 2.0 Tools to ignite your learning experience. Students are encouraged to participate in DECA.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Accounting - Show Me The Money! A 4241
Students will learn a skill base that ranges from balancing a checking account to more complex skills of preparing a business payroll and a tax return using current computer technology. Students will also gain experience in completing the basic accounting cycles as it relates to service and merchandising business. This class is highly recommended for students planning a career in business. Students are encouraged to participate in DECA. This course is articulated with Clark College (BUS 028).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4242 - Accounting - Show Me The Money! B
Accounting - Show Me The Money! B 4242
Students will learn a skill base that ranges from balancing a checking account to more complex skills of preparing a business payroll and a tax return using current computer technology. Students will also gain experience in completing the basic accounting cycles as it relates to service and merchandising business. This class is highly recommended for students planning a career in business. Students are encouraged to participate in DECA. This course is articulated with Clark College (BUS 028).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4241 - Accounting - Show Me The Money! A
Marketing A 4301
Would you like to learn about advertising, economics, promotion, sales, merchandising and more? Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. There are opportunities to travel to state and national DECA competitions.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4302 - Marketing B
Marketing B 4302
Would you like to learn about advertising, economics, promotion, sales, merchandising and more? Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. There are opportunities to travel to state and national DECA competitions.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4301 - Marketing A
Advanced Marketing A 4311
Students increase and strengthen marketing skills and knowledge while working on individualized and group projects. Emphasis will be in DECA, Marketplace management and business community involvement. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. Students placing high at the state competition qualify to compete at the national level.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Marketing and/or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4312 - Advanced Marketing B
Advanced Marketing B 4312
Students increase and strengthen marketing skills and knowledge while working on individualized and group projects. Emphasis will be in DECA, Marketplace management and business community involvement. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. Students placing high at the state competition qualify to compete at the national level.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Marketing and/or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4311 - Advanced Marketing A
Student Store Operations A 4321
Students will participate in the daily operation of the Marketplace as well as other student-run enterprises. Skills gained will include the Marketing Mix (Product/Price/Place/Promotion), customer service, communication, cleaning, inventory, stocking, ordering, cashiering, balancing, researching opportunities, vendor relations and much more. Working in this class gives students real-life work experiences to place on a resume. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. Students placing high at the state competition qualify to compete at the national level. Skyview only: In addition to the student store, students may also participate in the Storm Express and the iQ Credit Union student enterprises.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Marketing, Fashion Marketing, Sports Marketing and/or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4322 - Student Store Operations B
Student Store Operations B 4322
Students will participate in the daily operation of the Marketplace as well as other student-run enterprises. Skills gained will include the Marketing Mix (Product/Price/Place/Promotion), customer service, communication, cleaning, inventory, stocking, ordering, cashiering, balancing, researching opportunities, vendor relations and much more. Working in this class gives students real-life work experiences to place on a resume. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in DECA competitions, leadership retreats, and professional conferences. Students placing high at the state competition qualify to compete at the national level. Skyview only: In addition to the student store, students may also participate in the Storm Express and the iQ Credit Union student enterprises.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Marketing, Fashion Marketing, Sports Marketing and/or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4321 - Student Store Operations A
Marketing – Sports & Entertainment A 4331
This course will help you develop an understanding of marketing concepts and theories that apply to sports, entertainment, and business.  Curriculum is enhanced through guest speakers, possible field trips related to sports and entertainment as well as DECA related events.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Marketing – Fashion A 4341
This class focuses on marketing skills related to Fashion.  Topics covered are history of fashion, careers in fashion, merchandising, salesmanship, advertising, communication, fashion projects, textile design, and fashion show production.  Guest speakers will include a variety of representatives from the fashion industry.  Students are encouraged to participate in DECA.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Web Design 4861
This self-paced course is designed to provide a basic understanding of the skills and training in the field of Web Design. The class will focus on how people use the internet, principles of web page planning, basic design, layout and construction, and set-up of a web site. This course stresses the importance of quality, professionalism, time management, and creativity.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Career and Technical Education (Occ Ed)
RS OCCUP ED RSOCC
No description available
CREDIT: 1TYPE: Non AvailableGRADE: 11-12
Engineering, Robotics, Computer Science
CS Python Coding I A 4223
This course is an introduction to computer science and coding in Python, a professional coding language widely used in the software industry. This course can be offered as two semester courses or as a full year course. The first semester focuses on fundamental computer science concepts, control structures and data structures as well as best practices in coding and debugging in Python, providing students with a solid foundation. The second semester introduces the ability to make more complex, graphics-based programs and games. Students work their way through advanced coding topics that make games possible- including procedural drawing and complex input from mouse and keyboard. Python is an excellent first coding language for students new to coding. It provides simpler syntax and is easier to read and work with compared to other programming languages (like Java). This minimizes complexity and frustration and allows students to focus on core concepts, problem-solving, design and coding. Students will code a variety of fun and engaging coding exercises first by working directly under the teacher’s guidance, and then by exploring and practicing the concepts at their own pace with teacher support. The exercises allow for a variety of learning styles, and ability levels, building skills in code writing, code debugging, code analysis and code comprehension.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4224 - CS Python Coding I B
CS Python Coding I B 4224
This course is an introduction to computer science and coding in Python, a professional coding language widely used in the software industry. This course can be offered as two semester courses or as a full year course. The first semester focuses on fundamental computer science concepts, control structures and data structures as well as best practices in coding and debugging in Python, providing students with a solid foundation. The second semester introduces the ability to make more complex, graphics-based programs and games. Students work their way through advanced coding topics that make games possible- including procedural drawing and complex input from mouse and keyboard. Python is an excellent first coding language for students new to coding. It provides simpler syntax and is easier to read and work with compared to other programming languages (like Java). This minimizes complexity and frustration and allows students to focus on core concepts, problem-solving, design and coding. Students will code a variety of fun and engaging coding exercises first by working directly under the teacher’s guidance, and then by exploring and practicing the concepts at their own pace with teacher support. The exercises allow for a variety of learning styles, and ability levels, building skills in code writing, code debugging, code analysis and code comprehension.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4223 - CS Python Coding I A
Introduction to Engineering Design (IED) A 4661
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a math credit for college admissions.

This is a course in which you use your creativity plus industry-based tools and problem solving process to create solutions to interesting design challenges. Although engineering design is the focus of this course, the knowledge and skills you will learn are transferrable to other technical or scientific areas of study and work. This course will introduce you to a systematic method for solving problems and for communicating your ideas and solutions. You will solve numerous technical challenges using a variety of industry-standard software--Autodesk Inventor 3D Solid Modeling and Microsoft Excel--plus fabrication devices including a 3D printer, laser cutter/engraver and CNC machine. The first semester lays the foundation knowledge and skills to use our 3D modeling software to design parts and assemblies. Second semester will take skill to the next level using open-ended design challenges in which you, working on your own or with a teammate, design and create a unique solution to a problem. Working individually and on teams you will learn to manage your time and other resources to accomplish your objectives.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements. Students taking IED for a full-year can earn .5 credits of Visual Arts, .5 credits of Math and meet the CTE requirement.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
PREREQUISITE: Algebra.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4662 - Introduction to Engineering Design (IED) B
Introduction to Engineering Design (IED) B 4662
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a math credit for college admissions.

This is a course in which you use your creativity plus industry-based tools and problem solving process to create solutions to interesting design challenges. Although engineering design is the focus of this course, the knowledge and skills you will learn are transferrable to other technical or scientific areas of study and work. This course will introduce you to a systematic method for solving problems and for communicating your ideas and solutions. You will solve numerous technical challenges using a variety of industry-standard software--Autodesk Inventor 3D Solid Modeling and Microsoft Excel--plus fabrication devices including a 3D printer, laser cutter/engraver and CNC machine. The first semester lays the foundation knowledge and skills to use our 3D modeling software to design parts and assemblies. Second semester will take skill to the next level using open-ended design challenges in which you, working on your own or with a teammate, design and create a unique solution to a problem. Working individually and on teams you will learn to manage your time and other resources to accomplish your objectives.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements. Students taking IED for a full-year can earn .5 credits of Visual Arts, .5 credits of Math and meet the CTE requirement.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
PREREQUISITE: Algebra.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4661 - Introduction to Engineering Design (IED) A
Principles of Engineering (POE) A 4691
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a math and/or science credit for college admissions.

Do you like solving complicated problems or figuring out how things work? POE is a course designed for students who are interested in engineering careers and is the second course in the pre-engineering sequence at Skyview. Students will learn about various technology systems and manufacturing processes through hands-on projects, while applying their math, science and technology knowledge. Using activities, projects, and problems, students learn first hand how engineers and technicians use math, science and technology in an engineering problem-solving process. This class is strongly recommended for students who plan to pursue an engineering degree in college. Project management, leadership and team-building activities are emphasized. Students will have an opportunity to participate in Skills USA or related student leadership organizations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements. Students taking POE for a full-year can earn .5 credits of Math, .5 or 1.0 credits of Science and meet the CTE requirement.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Algebra, Geometry recommended.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4692 - Principles of Engineering (POE) B
Principles of Engineering (POE) B 4692
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a math and/or science credit for college admissions.

Do you like solving complicated problems or figuring out how things work? POE is a course designed for students who are interested in engineering careers and is the second course in the pre-engineering sequence at Skyview. Students will learn about various technology systems and manufacturing processes through hands-on projects, while applying their math, science and technology knowledge. Using activities, projects, and problems, students learn first hand how engineers and technicians use math, science and technology in an engineering problem-solving process. This class is strongly recommended for students who plan to pursue an engineering degree in college. Project management, leadership and team-building activities are emphasized. Students will have an opportunity to participate in Skills USA or related student leadership organizations.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements. Students taking POE for a full-year can earn .5 credits of Math, .5 or 1.0 credits of Science and meet the CTE requirement.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Algebra, Geometry recommended.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4691 - Principles of Engineering (POE) A
Family and Consumer Sciences
Child Development/Tutoring A 4461
Do you enjoy working with children? In this course, students will have an opportunity to gain an understanding of child development through a combination of classroom curriculum and tutoring experience. Students will understand child development theories in physical, emotional and cognitive growth, as well as health, safety, and nutritional issues. Students will learn to develop positive interpersonal skills by working one-on-one in a tutoring capacity with a young child (some options are child care centers, preschools and elementary schools). Regular attendance and participation in the tutoring sessions is expected. This course is articulated with Clark College ECE 111, so students may earn 3 credits from Clark College upon successful completion of 10 learning modules and a grade of a B or better. A Child Care Basics certificate, a Washington State requirement for professionals working in child care fields, may also be earned upon completion of all modules.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Child Development/Tutoring B 4462
Do you enjoy working with children? In this course, students will have an opportunity to gain an understanding of child development through a combination of classroom curriculum and tutoring experience. Students will understand child development theories in physical, emotional and cognitive growth, as well as health, safety, and nutritional issues. Students will learn to develop positive interpersonal skills by working one-on-one in a tutoring capacity with a young child (some options are child care centers, preschools and elementary schools). Regular attendance and participation in the tutoring sessions is expected. This course is articulated with Clark College ECE 111, so students may earn 3 credits from Clark College upon successful completion of 10 learning modules and a grade of a B or better. A Child Care Basics certificate, a Washington State requirement for professionals working in child care fields, may also be earned upon completion of all modules.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Family Psychology for Teens 4471
YOU are the most important ingredient in a successful relationship. What role do you play in your family now? What will your future family be like? What do you need and want for a successful and satisfying life? Family Psychology for Teens looks at self-understanding, interpersonal, decision making, communication, preparation for marriage, family finances, parenting, and understanding family issues. Start now to develop the skills such a relationship takes!
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
Food & Fitness A 4511
Like to eat? Learn to cook! This course combines the activity of a PE class with basic cooking skills and knowledge of nutrition and wellness. The activities and curriculum focus on a healthy lifestyle and personal wellness. Topics include food safety and students will pass the Washington state food handler's test. Students also develop a personalized fitness plan and complete a diet analysis project. Students are expected to participate and dress down for fitness activities.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, PE and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
Food & Fitness B 4512
Like to eat? Learn to cook! This course combines the activity of a PE class with basic cooking skills and knowledge of nutrition and wellness. The activities and curriculum focus on a healthy lifestyle and personal wellness. Topics include food safety and students will pass the Washington state food handler's test. Students also develop a personalized fitness plan and complete a diet analysis project. Students are expected to participate and dress down for fitness activities.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, PE and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
Health Wellness 6251
This course focuses on the importance of good health. Students discuss information based on the physical, social, and emotional aspects of health. Topics include wellness, life skills, personal health, CPR/AED training, effects of chemical involvement and dependency, human sexuality, parenting, personal safety, nutrition, and community health. Information about HIV, STDs, AIDS and its prevention will also be presented. Completion of service learning hours is also required. Note: Students will be excused from sexual health education/HIV/AIDS instruction at parent request.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Graphics, Photo, Yearbook, Video
Graphic Design A 0201V
If you are interested in learning how to create posters, logos, illustrations, and package design this course will teach you how! Students will use computer software, digital cameras, and drawing tablets as tools to edit graphics and explore design techniques and the world of visual communication. No previous experience in computers, art or drawing required.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0202V - Graphic Design B
Graphic Design B 0202V
If you are interested in learning how to create posters, logos, illustrations, and package design this course will teach you how! Students will use computer software, digital cameras, and drawing tablets as tools to edit graphics and explore design techniques and the world of visual communication. No previous experience in computers, art or drawing required.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0201V - Graphic Design A
Advanced Graphic Design A 0211V
This advanced level design course continues to build technical and personal skills. Projects may include individual portfolios or special projects for the school and community where students will enhance their knowledge of image editing, drawing, graphics, and animation and learn how a commercial artist approaches design concepts for clients.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Visual Arts and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Graphic Design and/or teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0212V - Advanced Graphic Design B
Advanced Graphic Design B 0212V
This advanced level design course continues to build technical and personal skills. Projects may include individual portfolios or special projects for the school and community where students will enhance their knowledge of image editing, drawing, graphics, and animation and learn how a commercial artist approaches design concepts for clients.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Visual Arts and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Graphic Design and/or teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0211V - Advanced Graphic Design A
Photography I 0311V
This class introduces students to the basic skills and techniques of photography. Students will develop knowledge of the principles of photographic composition and perfect their skills through projects, presentations and lab experiences. Students learn about the history of photography by examining the work of notable photographers and the techniques they use to make them successful. Students will be able to describe and analyze their works and those of others using appropriate photography terminology. Students will gain experience in camera usage, film processing, (not available at Skyview or Fort), black and white printing (not available at Skyview or Fort), digital imaging, Photoshop software, safe lab practices, organization, and presentation of works. Manual camera recommended at Hudson’s Bay and Columbia River. Materials fee may apply.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Photography II 0312V
In this advanced course, students learn and apply higher level photographic concepts, techniques, and skills with a focus on building digital editing skills. Students will refine their technical skills and explore unique digital media allowing students to understand, reflect upon, and appreciate visual literacy. In addition, students will learn about business practices in the industry, studio set up, advanced lighting techniques, specialized equipment and pre-press techniques to improve printing and color management. Materials fee may apply.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
PREREQUISITE: Photography I and/or teacher recommendation.
Photography III A 0321V
Students in Photo III will be able to use photographic images and photographic principles to express and interpret context, theme, ideas, technique, feeling, and intent. Through instruction and practice, students will refine basic skills and learn more advanced imaging principles and techniques. Students will focus on photo critique and editing with a resulting goal of creating aesthetically appealing and technically accurate prints. Students will apply new and developing skills to the production of photo presentations. Students will reflect on their work and the work of others using suitable photographic vocabulary. Unassisted, students will be able to create thematic photographic works that show evidence of stylized composition, technical proficiency with equipment, and application of advanced printing techniques. Materials fee may apply. Students at Bay, River, and Skyview can apply for AP status and receive college credit for the class.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Photography I & II and/or teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0322V - Photography III B
Photography III B 0322V
Students in Photo III will be able to use photographic images and photographic principles to express and interpret context, theme, ideas, technique, feeling, and intent. Through instruction and practice, students will refine basic skills and learn more advanced imaging principles and techniques. Students will focus on photo critique and editing with a resulting goal of creating aesthetically appealing and technically accurate prints. Students will apply new and developing skills to the production of photo presentations. Students will reflect on their work and the work of others using suitable photographic vocabulary. Unassisted, students will be able to create thematic photographic works that show evidence of stylized composition, technical proficiency with equipment, and application of advanced printing techniques. Materials fee may apply. Students at Bay, River, and Skyview can apply for AP status and receive college credit for the class.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Photography I & II and/or teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 0321V - Photography III A
Yearbook A 2731V
Students in Yearbook will develop their organizational, leadership, personal, and team skills to contribute to creating and editing a quality yearbook. Through review of principles of design and instruction on yearbook content and current industry-standard software, students will create a yearbook while developing skills in concept development, layout design, designing with type, copy writing, photography, and page management. Ethical and legal guidelines will also be addressed. Participants gain useful, real world skills in time management, marketing, teamwork, and design principles.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area). Students need to take Yearbook for a full year to earn .5 Visual Art credit.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 2732V - Yearbook B
Yearbook B 2732V
Students in Yearbook will develop their organizational, leadership, personal, and team skills to contribute to creating and editing a quality yearbook. Through review of principles of design and instruction on yearbook content and current industry-standard software, students will create a yearbook while developing skills in concept development, layout design, designing with type, copy writing, photography, and page management. Ethical and legal guidelines will also be addressed. Participants gain useful, real world skills in time management, marketing, teamwork, and design principles.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area). Students need to take Yearbook for a full year to earn .5 Visual Art credit.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 2731V - Yearbook A
Video Production A 4121
Students who see themselves designing and producing videos will benefit from this class. Opportunities include working with cameras and editing equipment. Effective pre-production, production and post-production skills are emphasized through a variety of hands-on projects. Professional standards, leadership and teamwork are incorporated into each project.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Video Production B 4122
Students who see themselves designing and producing videos will benefit from this class. Opportunities include working with cameras and editing equipment. Effective pre-production, production and post-production skills are emphasized through a variety of hands-on projects. Professional standards, leadership and teamwork are incorporated into each project.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Visual Arts and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Advanced Video Production A 4131
Students will develop more advanced techniques in studio production, videography, editing and script writing. Advanced classes produce video projects for both the school and the community. Projects include morning announcements, sports videos, and various group and personal projects. Students continue to develop professional standards, leadership and teamwork skills, and may choose to participate in SkillsUSA, a student leadership organization. Some schools offer a "Crew for Credit" option for Advanced Video Productions students crewing sports, concerts and productions outside of the regular school day. "Crew for Credit" enhances classroom instruction by giving students the opportunity to gain non-paid off-campus work experience related to the content and classroom instruction in video production.  All students must complete a Work Based Learning Off Campus  application and be currently or previously enrolled in a Career and Technical Education class related to their experience. Students can earn .5 credit for 90 hours of off-campus "Crew for Credit" internship experience.  Please see your school’s Work Based Learning Coordinator or Video Productions teacher to see if you qualify.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Visual Arts and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Video Production or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4132 - Advanced Video Production B
Advanced Video Production B 4132
Students will develop more advanced techniques in studio production, videography, editing and script writing. Advanced classes produce video projects for both the school and the community. Projects include morning announcements, sports videos, and various group and personal projects. Students continue to develop professional standards, leadership and teamwork skills, and may choose to participate in SkillsUSA, a student leadership organization.  Some schools offer a "Crew for Credit" option for Advanced Video Productions students crewing sports, concerts and productions outside of the regular school day. "Crew for Credit" enhances classroom instruction by giving students the opportunity to gain non-paid off-campus work experience related to the content and classroom instruction in video production.  All students must complete a Work Based Learning Off Campus  application and be currently or previously enrolled in a Career and Technical Education class related to their experience. Students can earn .5 credit for 90 hours of off-campus "Crew for Credit" internship experience.  Please see your school’s Work Based Learning Coordinator or Video Productions teacher to see if you qualify.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Visual Arts and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Video Production or Teacher recommendation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4131 - Advanced Video Production A
Video Production – Special Projects A 4141
This course is for students working on a specific project in Video Production. Students submit a project plan to be approved by the instructor. The project(s) will develop more in-depth production skills while allowing the student to concentrate on a specific long-term project.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Advanced Video Production or Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4142 - Video Production – Special Projects B
Video Production – Special Projects B 4142
This course is for students working on a specific project in Video Production. Students submit a project plan to be approved by the instructor. The project(s) will develop more in-depth production skills while allowing the student to concentrate on a specific long-term project.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Advanced Video Production or Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4141 - Video Production – Special Projects A
Movie Making A 4143
Students will explore the three phases of the production process; pre-production, production and post-production. They will write a script in screenplay format, shoot and edit footage using cinematographic techniques and critique their own work as well as view and critique films of different genres.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4144 - Movie Making B
Movie Making B 4144
Students will explore the three phases of the production process; pre-production, production and post-production. They will write a script in screenplay format, shoot and edit footage using cinematographic techniques and critique their own work as well as view and critique films of different genres.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4143 - Movie Making A
Web Design 4861
This self-paced course is designed to provide a basic understanding of the skills and training in the field of Web Design. The class will focus on how people use the internet, principles of web page planning, basic design, layout and construction, and set-up of a web site. This course stresses the importance of quality, professionalism, time management, and creativity.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Horticulture and Natural Resources
Advanced Horticulture A 4751
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

Advanced Horticulture is a continuation from the first year Horticulture or Horticulture Science class. Students will be provided with advanced training in the use and application of sustainable horticulture, organic farming, and landscape design. Students will design and construct projects after they have successfully completed advanced research. Advanced level students will help manage the greenhouse, plant/floral sales, and the production in the food garden/orchard area and participate in other projects that vary by school.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Science and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area). Students need to take Advanced Hort for a full year in order to earn .5 Science credit.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Horticulture Science and Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4752 - Advanced Horticulture B
Advanced Horticulture B 4752
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

Advanced Horticulture is a continuation from the first year Horticulture or Horticulture Science class. Students will be provided with advanced training in the use and application of sustainable horticulture, organic farming, and landscape design. Students will design and construct projects after they have successfully completed advanced research. Advanced level students will help manage the greenhouse, plant/floral sales, and the production in the food garden/orchard area and participate in other projects that vary by school.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Science and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area). Students need to take Advanced Hort for a full year in order to earn .5 Science credit.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Horticulture Science and Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4751 - Advanced Horticulture A
Horticulture – Special Projects A 4761
Students will increase and strengthen their skills in horticulture by working on individual area of interest. This course is for the most creative and dedicated students in horticulture and provides training for those interested in careers in the horticulture field.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Advanced Horticulture, Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4762 - Horticulture – Special Projects B
Horticulture – Special Projects B 4762
Students will increase and strengthen their skills in horticulture by working on individual area of interest. This course is for the most creative and dedicated students in horticulture and provides training for those interested in careers in the horticulture field.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Advanced Horticulture, Teacher approval.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4761 - Horticulture – Special Projects A
AP Environmental Science A 7151V
This course is designed for students who want to further their studies in Life and/or Environmental Science. It provides students with opportunities to learn about the interrelationships of the natural world, environmental problems both natural and man-made, and the risks associated with these problems, including examination of alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing them. Students will be prepared to take the Advanced Placement Environmental Science examination.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Science and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: Advanced PlacementGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Two of the following courses: Environmental Science, Biology, Natural Resources Conservation, or Advanced Natural Resources and Conservation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7152V - AP Environmental Science B
AP Environmental Science B 7152V
This course is designed for students who want to further their studies in Life and/or Environmental Science. It provides students with opportunities to learn about the interrelationships of the natural world, environmental problems both natural and man-made, and the risks associated with these problems, including examination of alternative solutions for resolving and/or preventing them. Students will be prepared to take the Advanced Placement Environmental Science examination.

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Science and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: Advanced PlacementGRADE: 11-12
PREREQUISITE: Two of the following courses: Environmental Science, Biology, Natural Resources Conservation, or Advanced Natural Resources and Conservation.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7151V - AP Environmental Science A
Horticulture Science A 7521
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

This class will prepare students to be well-informed and knowledgeable in the science, art, and business of sustainable landscape design and horticulture. Through a variety of learning activities, students will obtain knowledge and practical skills that will enable them to be competent horticulturists, and to prepare them to enter numerous career paths that involve horticulture, landscaping, growing food, and general plant maintenance. Laboratory activities will help the student develop the knowledge and skills necessary to do scientific inquiry. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in FFA competitions and professional conferences. This course is articulated with Clackamas Community College (HOR 111).

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Science and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7522 - Horticulture Science B
Horticulture Science B 7522
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

This class will prepare students to be well-informed and knowledgeable in the science, art, and business of sustainable landscape design and horticulture. Through a variety of learning activities, students will obtain knowledge and practical skills that will enable them to be competent horticulturists, and to prepare them to enter numerous career paths that involve horticulture, landscaping, growing food, and general plant maintenance. Laboratory activities will help the student develop the knowledge and skills necessary to do scientific inquiry. Students develop leadership and teamwork skills by participating in FFA competitions and professional conferences. This course is articulated with Clackamas Community College (HOR 111).

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets two graduation requirements, Science and CTE (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7521 - Horticulture Science A
Natural Resources Conservation A 7541
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.
This class focuses on biology through the study of natural resources. Students will learn subjects such as soils, ecosystems, human population, land and water use, climate change, fish and wildlife, energy and recreational resources. Field, laboratory, and hands-on experiences will be emphasized. This course will include instruction and student involvement in an exploratory Supervised Agricultural Experience Project (SAE). Students will also explore careers related to natural resource conservation and management.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
PREREQUISITE: Earth Science and/or Biology.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7542 - Natural Resources Conservation B
Natural Resources Conservation B 7542
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions. This class focuses on biology through the study of natural resources. Students will learn subjects such as soils, ecosystems, human population, land and water use, climate change, fish and wildlife, energy and recreational resources. Field, laboratory, and hands-on experiences will be emphasized. This course will include instruction and student involvement in an exploratory Supervised Agricultural Experience Project (SAE). Students will also explore careers related to natural resource conservation and management.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
PREREQUISITE: Earth Science and/or Biology.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7541 - Natural Resources Conservation A
Advanced Natural Resources Conservation A 7551
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

All course work is designed to follow current environmental and natural resource job skills based on industry standards. Field, laboratory, and hands-on experiences will be emphasized. Students will choose a special project that aligns with a career path such as Greenhouse Management, Sustainable Construction and Design, and/or other environmental services. This course will include instruction in, and student involvement in, Supervised Agricultural Experience Projects (SAE).

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Science and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Natural Resources Conservation, Horticulture and/or Biology.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7552 - Advanced Natural Resources Conservation B
Advanced Natural Resources Conservation B 7552
College bound students are encouraged to check with each college they may apply to in order to determine if each college will accept this course as a science credit for college admissions.

All course work is designed to follow current environmental and natural resource job skills based on industry standards. Field, laboratory, and hands-on experiences will be emphasized. Students will choose a special project that aligns with a career path such as Greenhouse Management, Sustainable Construction and Design, and/or other environmental services. This course will include instruction in, and student involvement in, Supervised Agricultural Experience Projects (SAE).

This course is a 2-for-1 course that meets both the Science and CTE graduation requirements (although students only earn credit in one area).
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: AdvancedGRADE: 10-12
PREREQUISITE: Natural Resources Conservation, Horticulture and/or Biology.
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7551 - Advanced Natural Resources Conservation A
Natural Resources Sp Proj A 7553
Students will increase and strengthen their skills in Natural Resources fields of study (Agriculture, Plant Production, Soils, Forestry, Wildlife, Sustainable Design/Construction, etc.) by working on individual area(s) of interest. This course is for the most creative and dedicated students that have taken Natural Resources courses previously. This course will provide training for those interested in careers within the Natural Resources fields.
This class will prepare students to be well-informed and knowledgeable in the science, art and business of natural resource management and policy, and environmental service systems. Students will often work in teams, but will be expected to complete individual assignments in relation to a team’s work. This is a career and technical education course and students will be required to act in a manner as if on a paid job location. These behaviors include but are not limited to punctuality and readiness, appropriate dress for field study (rain or shine), professionalism and teamwork, safety, and leadership.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7554 - Natural Resources Sp Proj B
Natural Resources Sp Proj B 7554
Students will increase and strengthen their skills in Natural Resources fields of study (Agriculture, Plant Production, Soils, Forestry, Wildlife, Sustainable Design/Construction, etc.) by working on individual area(s) of interest. This course is for the most creative and dedicated students that have taken Natural Resources courses previously. This course will provide training for those interested in careers within the Natural Resources fields.
This class will prepare students to be well-informed and knowledgeable in the science, art and business of natural resource management and policy, and environmental service systems. Students will often work in teams, but will be expected to complete individual assignments in relation to a team’s work. This is a career and technical education course and students will be required to act in a manner as if on a paid job location. These behaviors include but are not limited to punctuality and readiness, appropriate dress for field study (rain or shine), professionalism and teamwork, safety, and leadership.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 11-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 7553 - Natural Resources Sp Proj A
Medical Arts
Health Wellness 6251
This course focuses on the importance of good health. Students discuss information based on the physical, social, and emotional aspects of health. Topics include wellness, life skills, personal health, CPR/AED training, effects of chemical involvement and dependency, human sexuality, parenting, personal safety, nutrition, and community health. Information about HIV, STDs, AIDS and its prevention will also be presented. Completion of service learning hours is also required. Note: Students will be excused from sexual health education/HIV/AIDS instruction at parent request.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Welding Fabrication and Trades
Intro to the Building Trades A 4675
Students will learn how to work with a variety of machines and processes found in the construction trades. Students will learn how to use tools and power machines to produce a finished product. Safety is emphasized throughout every aspect of this course, and all students will demonstrate the ability to work on the shop equipment safely. Mathematics is a skill used through all the construction trades and students will use math to


solve real-world problems. Teamwork is a vital skill in any workplace and the majority of shop time will be spent working with others. The work ethic and skills learned in this class will be valuable for any career you choose to pursue in the future.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4676 - Intro to the Building Trades B
Intro to the Building Trades B 4676
Students will learn how to work with a variety of machines and processes found in the construction trades. Students will learn how to use tools and power machines to produce a finished product. Safety is emphasized throughout every aspect of this course, and all students will demonstrate the ability to work on the shop equipment safely. Mathematics is a skill used through all the construction trades and students will use math to


solve real-world problems. Teamwork is a vital skill in any workplace and the majority of shop time will be spent working with others. The work ethic and skills learned in this class will be valuable for any career you choose to pursue in the future.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take 4675 - Intro to the Building Trades A
Work Based Learning
Career Choices A 5101
Career Choices allows students an opportunity to explore and develop employability skills, career awareness, and occupational knowledge that prepares them for success in the workplace.  Students are encouraged to participate in DECA.  This course combines classroom instruction, career-related activities such as mentor events, career workshops, employment workshops, field trips, mock and employment interviews, etc.,  and hands-on experience within a learning site such as:
• Attendance Office
• Career Center
• Counseling Center
• Media Center
• Learning Wings
• Off-campus sites (approved by instructor)
• Specific teacher (approved by instructor)
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
Career Choices B 5102
Career Choices allows students an opportunity to explore and develop employability skills, career awareness, and occupational knowledge that prepares them for success in the workplace.  Students are encouraged to participate in DECA.  This course combines classroom instruction, career-related activities such as mentor events, career workshops, employment workshops, field trips, mock and employment interviews, etc.,  and hands-on experience within a learning site such as:
• Attendance Office
• Career Center
• Counseling Center
• Media Center
• Learning Wings
• Off-campus sites (approved by instructor)
• Specific teacher (approved by instructor)
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 10-12
Career Choices – Food Court A 5131
This course allows students an opportunity to explore and develop employability skills, career awareness, and occupational knowledge within the culinary industry.  Career Choices-Food Court combines classroom instruction, career-related activities and hands-on experience in the Food Court.  Students will rotate through various positions in the Food Court to gain skills in the areas of: food preparation, menu planning, production methods, food presentation and service. A Food Handler’s Card is required and students are provided with the opportunity to take the exam to earn their Food Handler’s Card during this class.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12
Career Choices – Food Court B 5132
This course allows students an opportunity to explore and develop employability skills, career awareness, and occupational knowledge within the culinary industry.  Career Choices-Food Court combines classroom instruction, career-related activities and hands-on experience in the Food Court.  Students will rotate through various positions in the Food Court to gain skills in the areas of: food preparation, menu planning, production methods, food presentation and service. A Food Handler’s Card is required and students are provided with the opportunity to take the exam to earn their Food Handler’s Card during this class.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: StandardGRADE: 9-12