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French
Core French
Core French (Academic) FSF1D1
This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on and will apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of themes, such as relationships, social trends, and careers. Thematic readings, which include a selection of short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones to oral and written activities.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 600 hours of French instruction, or equivalent.
Core French (Applied) FSF1P1
This course emphasizes the concurrent development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills, using a broad-based theme such as the media. Students will enhance their ability to understand and to speak French through conversations, discussions, and presentations. They will also read short stories, articles, poems, and songs; students will write brief descriptions, letters, dialogues, and invitations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 600 hours of elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent.
Core French FSF2D1
This course enables students to increase their knowledge of the French language, to develop further their language skills, and to deepen their understanding and appreciation of francophone culture, foods, and media. Exploring a variety of themes, students will develop and will apply critical-thinking skills in discussion, in their analysis and interpretation of texts, and in their own writing.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR F1F2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: If your prerequisite is FSF1P1 (Applied Core French), you will be required to exhibit competency in that course in order to register for this course. Please speak with a Guidance counsellor.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FSF1D1 - Core French (Academic) or FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied) or FSF1P1 - Core French (Applied)
Core French FSF3U1
This course draws on a variety of themes to promote extensive development of reading and writing skills and to reinforce oral communication skills. Students will gain a greater understanding of French-speaking cultures in Canada and around the world through their reading of a variety of materials, including a short novel or a play. Students will produce written assignments in a variety of genres. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF3U1, FSF3U1. JUST ONE GR. 11 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: FSF2D1 - Core French or FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF2P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
Core French FSF4U1
This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, apply language learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. They will also enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF4U1, FSF4U1. JUST ONE GR. 12 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: FSF3U1 - Core French or FEF3U1 - Extended French
French
French Immersion (Academic) FIF1D1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course emphasizes the expansion of students’ oral communication, reading, and writing skills through the study of themes that reflect their interests. Students will apply their knowledge of French in discussions, dramatizations, and oral presentations. Students will write in a variety of genres (e.g., short stories, creative projects, recipes) and will study at least one short novel.
COURSE NOTE: Students in Gr. 9 French Immersion must also select CGC1DF (Geography) and SNC1DF (Science).
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 3800 hours of French instruction or equivalent.
French Immersion (Applied) FIF1P1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and exchange information in French in a variety of real-life situations, with support as appropriate. Students will develop the key listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills introduced in the elementary French Immersion program. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.
COURSE NOTE: Students in Gr. 9 French Immersion must also select CGC1DF (Geography) and SNC1DF (Science).
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 3800 hours of French instruction or equivalent.
Core French (Academic) FSF1D1
This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on and will apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of themes, such as relationships, social trends, and careers. Thematic readings, which include a selection of short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones to oral and written activities.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 600 hours of French instruction, or equivalent.
Core French (Applied) FSF1P1
This course emphasizes the concurrent development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills, using a broad-based theme such as the media. Students will enhance their ability to understand and to speak French through conversations, discussions, and presentations. They will also read short stories, articles, poems, and songs; students will write brief descriptions, letters, dialogues, and invitations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 600 hours of elementary Core French instruction, or equivalent.
French Immersion (Academic) FIF2D1
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course emphasizes the continued development and refinement of students’ oral communication, reading, and writing skills as they explore a variety of themes. Students will expand their knowledge and appreciation of francophone culture through their reading of a variety of materials, including a short novel, as well as an independent novel study. Students will develop their writing skills through creative projects, short opinion pieces and a newspaper article.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR F1F2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: Students in the French Immersion program must also select CHC2DF (History), CHV2OF/GLC2OF (Civic/Careers), and SNC2DF (Science).

If your prerequisite is FIF1P1 (Applied French Immersion), you will be required to exhibit competency in that course in order to register for this course. Please speak with a Guidance counsellor.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CHC2DF - Canadian History Since World War I (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take GLC2OF - Career Studies (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take CHV2OF - Civics and Citizenship (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take SNC2DF - Science (French Immersion)
French Immersion (Applied) FIF2P1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course emphasizes the development and use of skills and strategies in communication and interaction in French. Students will acquire literacy skills by using creative and critical analysis processes in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in real-life contexts. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FIF2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: Students who select FIF2P1: please see a Guidance Counsellor. We need to work our magic to manually add the other French Immersion courses for you (Science, Civ/Car, History) so that you can complete and submit your Course Plan and continue in the French Immersion program!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied) or FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
Core French FSF2D1
This course enables students to increase their knowledge of the French language, to develop further their language skills, and to deepen their understanding and appreciation of francophone culture, foods, and media. Exploring a variety of themes, students will develop and will apply critical-thinking skills in discussion, in their analysis and interpretation of texts, and in their own writing.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR F1F2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: If your prerequisite is FSF1P1 (Applied Core French), you will be required to exhibit competency in that course in order to register for this course. Please speak with a Guidance counsellor.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FSF1D1 - Core French (Academic) or FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied) or FSF1P1 - Core French (Applied)
Extended French FEF3U1
This course focuses on developing French-language skills through the study of French and Canadian francophone authors, such as Marcel Dubé and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Students will analyze a range of works and will produce written assignments in a variety of genres, including the formal argumentative essay, film critiques, short opinion pieces and journal writing. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF3U1, FSF3U1. JUST ONE GR. 11 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF2P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
Core French FSF3U1
This course draws on a variety of themes to promote extensive development of reading and writing skills and to reinforce oral communication skills. Students will gain a greater understanding of French-speaking cultures in Canada and around the world through their reading of a variety of materials, including a short novel or a play. Students will produce written assignments in a variety of genres. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF3U1, FSF3U1. JUST ONE GR. 11 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: FSF2D1 - Core French or FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF2P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology & Sociology (Extended French) HSP3UF
This course is for students in the Extended French program.

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science research, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.
COURSE NOTE: This course is available only for students in the Extended French program.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: The Grade 10 academic course in English, or the Grade 10 academic history course (Canadian and world studies)
Extended French FEF4U1
This course emphasizes the refinement of French-language skills through the study of francophone authors such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Guy de Maupassant and Marcel Pagnol. Students will continue to develop analytical and critical-thinking skills by analyzing short stories, interpreting literary works, and producing written assignments in a variety of genres, including a formal essay. They will conduct research on a major topic for a written and oral presentation. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF4U1, FSF4U1. JUST ONE GR. 12 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: It is highly recommended that a student has achieved a minimum grade of 70% in FEF3U1 in order to take this course.

Students need to have also successfully completed ENG3U1 before taking this course.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: FEF3U1 - Extended French
Core French FSF4U1
This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, apply language learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. They will also enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF4U1, FSF4U1. JUST ONE GR. 12 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: FSF3U1 - Core French or FEF3U1 - Extended French
French Immersion (Gr. 9&10) Extended French (Gr. 11&12)
Arts dramatiques (French Immersion) ADA1OF
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course provides an ideal opportunity for students to continue to develop fluency as they read and present authentic French-Canadian legends, perform their own short scripts and role play prepared and improvised skits. Students partake in collaborative and communication based games and activities to simultaneously learn about drama while gaining a better understanding of French culture. This acceleration of the language learning is an engaging way to work with peers through creating, performing, discussing, and analysing drama while developing comprehension, communication and oral presentation skills that will be transferable to other French Immersion subjects.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 9
Issues in Canadian Geography (French Immersion) CGC1DF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues and will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process. Students will use spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take SNC1DF - Science (French Immersion)
French Immersion (Academic) FIF1D1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course emphasizes the expansion of students’ oral communication, reading, and writing skills through the study of themes that reflect their interests. Students will apply their knowledge of French in discussions, dramatizations, and oral presentations. Students will write in a variety of genres (e.g., short stories, creative projects, recipes) and will study at least one short novel.
COURSE NOTE: Students in Gr. 9 French Immersion must also select CGC1DF (Geography) and SNC1DF (Science).
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 3800 hours of French instruction or equivalent.
French Immersion (Applied) FIF1P1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and exchange information in French in a variety of real-life situations, with support as appropriate. Students will develop the key listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills introduced in the elementary French Immersion program. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.
COURSE NOTE: Students in Gr. 9 French Immersion must also select CGC1DF (Geography) and SNC1DF (Science).
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
PREREQUISITE: Minimum of 3800 hours of French instruction or equivalent.
Science (French Immersion) SNC1DF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics. Students will learn to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and will conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CGC1DF - Issues in Canadian Geography (French Immersion)
Arts dramatiques (French Immersion) ADA2OF
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course provides an ideal opportunity for students to continue to develop fluency as they write and perform their own tableaux with narration pieces, use authentic French-Canadian source material to present in choral speaking form, and role play prepared and improvised skits. Students partake in collaborative and communication based games and activities to simultaneously learn about drama while deepening their understanding of the French culture and way of life. This acceleration of the language learning is an engaging way to work with peers through creating, performing, discussing, and analysing drama while developing comprehension, communication and oral presentation skills that will be transferable to other French Immersion subjects.
COURSE NOTE: No prior drama experience is required to take this course!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 10
Canadian History Since World War I (French Immersion) CHC2DF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course explores the local, national, and global forces that have shaped Canada’s national identity from World War I to the present. Students will investigate the challenges presented by economic, social, and technological changes and will explore the contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian culture and society during this period. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to evaluate various interpretations of the issues and events of the period and to present their own points of view.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CHV2OF - Civics and Citizenship (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take GLC2OF - Career Studies (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
Civics and Citizenship (French Immersion) CHV2OF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national, and global contexts. Students will learn about political reactions to social change and political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore their own and others’ ideas about civics questions, and they will learn how to think critically about public issues and to react responsibly to them.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: OpenGRADE: 10
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CHC2DF - Canadian History Since World War I (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take GLC2OF - Career Studies (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
French Immersion (Academic) FIF2D1
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program.

This course emphasizes the continued development and refinement of students’ oral communication, reading, and writing skills as they explore a variety of themes. Students will expand their knowledge and appreciation of francophone culture through their reading of a variety of materials, including a short novel, as well as an independent novel study. Students will develop their writing skills through creative projects, short opinion pieces and a newspaper article.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR F1F2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: Students in the French Immersion program must also select CHC2DF (History), CHV2OF/GLC2OF (Civic/Careers), and SNC2DF (Science).

If your prerequisite is FIF1P1 (Applied French Immersion), you will be required to exhibit competency in that course in order to register for this course. Please speak with a Guidance counsellor.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CHC2DF - Canadian History Since World War I (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take GLC2OF - Career Studies (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take CHV2OF - Civics and Citizenship (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take SNC2DF - Science (French Immersion)
French Immersion (Applied) FIF2P1
This course is for students in the French Immersion program.

This course emphasizes the development and use of skills and strategies in communication and interaction in French. Students will acquire literacy skills by using creative and critical analysis processes in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in real-life contexts. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FIF2D1, FIF2P1, FSF2D1. JUST ONE GR. 10 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: Students who select FIF2P1: please see a Guidance Counsellor. We need to work our magic to manually add the other French Immersion courses for you (Science, Civ/Car, History) so that you can complete and submit your Course Plan and continue in the French Immersion program!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: FIF1P1 - French Immersion (Applied) or FIF1D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
Career Studies (French Immersion) GLC2OF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program. The world of work is changing rapidly. What careers will be available and in demand for you? How can you prepare now for your working life of the future? Career Studies will help students explore and assess their personal interests and skills and investigate current economic and career trends. This course will compare post-secondary pathways and help students prepare for transitions from secondary to post-secondary education and into the world of work.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: OpenGRADE: 10
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take CHC2DF - Canadian History Since World War I (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take CHV2OF - Civics and Citizenship (French Immersion)
If you take this course, you must also take FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
Science (French Immersion) SNC2DF
This course is for students in the French Immersion Program. This course enables students to increase their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics. Students will learn about the connections between science, technology, society, and the environment. They will plan and conduct experiments to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will learn about cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions with particular focus on nomenclature, formulae, and acid-based reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and optics - light, mirrors, and lenses.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
PREREQUISITE: SNC1DF - Science (French Immersion)
COREQUISITES: If you take this course, you must also take FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic)
Extended French FEF3U1
This course focuses on developing French-language skills through the study of French and Canadian francophone authors, such as Marcel Dubé and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry. Students will analyze a range of works and will produce written assignments in a variety of genres, including the formal argumentative essay, film critiques, short opinion pieces and journal writing. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENT CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF3U1, FSF3U1. JUST ONE GR. 11 FRENCH CREDIT!
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: FIF2D1 - French Immersion (Academic) or FIF2P1 - French Immersion (Applied)
Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology & Sociology (Extended French) HSP3UF
This course is for students in the Extended French program.

This course provides students with opportunities to think critically about theories, questions, and issues related to anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the approaches and research methods used by social scientists. They will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives, to conduct social science research, and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues within the three disciplines.
COURSE NOTE: This course is available only for students in the Extended French program.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: The Grade 10 academic course in English, or the Grade 10 academic history course (Canadian and world studies)
Extended French FEF4U1
This course emphasizes the refinement of French-language skills through the study of francophone authors such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Guy de Maupassant and Marcel Pagnol. Students will continue to develop analytical and critical-thinking skills by analyzing short stories, interpreting literary works, and producing written assignments in a variety of genres, including a formal essay. They will conduct research on a major topic for a written and oral presentation. The use of correct grammar and appropriate language conventions in both spoken and written French will be emphasized throughout the course.

Ministry Note: In any given grade, students may count credits in only one type of program - Core, Extended, or Immersion French - towards their secondary school diploma.

STUDENTS CANNOT RECEIVE SEPARATE CREDITS FOR FEF4U1, FSF4U1. JUST ONE GR. 12 FRENCH CREDIT!
COURSE NOTE: It is highly recommended that a student has achieved a minimum grade of 70% in FEF3U1 in order to take this course.

Students need to have also successfully completed ENG3U1 before taking this course.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: FEF3U1 - Extended French