Menu York Region Training School
Disciplines
Canadian and World Studies
Economics, Law and Politics
This chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

EconomicsLawandPolitics
Canadian History since World War 1 CHC2L
This course focuses on the connections between the student and key people, events, and themes in Canadian history from World War I to the present. Students prepare for the Grades 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation history courses through the development and extension of historical literacy and inquiry skills. Students explore a variety of topics highlighting individuals and events that have contributed to the story of Canada. The major themes of Canadian identity, internal and external relationships, and changes since 1914, are explored through guided investigation. Students have the opportunity to extend analytical skills with a focus on identifying and interpreting events and perspectives and making connections. Students practice reading, writing, visual, and oral literacy skills, and mathematical literacy skills to identify and communicate ideas in a variety of forms.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: Locally DevelopedGRADE: 10
Civics and Citizenship CHV2O
This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: OpenGRADE: 10
Origins and Citizenship: The History of a Canadian Ethnic Group CHE3O
This course focuses on the history of people who came to Canada from a specific country or region.
Students will explore historical developments and events in the group’s country of origin, the factors that
influenced the decision of members of this group to emigrate, their historical experiences in Canada, and
their contributions to Canadian identity and heritage. Students will apply the concepts of historical thinking
and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when
investigating various aspects of the group’s history.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2DL - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century (ESL) or CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2L - Canadian History since World War 1 or CHC2L1 - History- Locally Developed or CHC2P1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
The Individual and the Economy CIE3M
This course explores issues and challenges facing the Canadian economy as well as the implications of
various responses to them. Students will explore the economic role of firms, workers, and government as
well as their own role as individual consumers and contributors, and how all of these roles affect stability
and change in the Canadian economy. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the
economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate the impact of economic issues and
decisions at the individual, regional, and national level.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I
Understanding Canadian Law in Everyday Life CLU3E
This course enables students to develop a practical understanding of laws that affect the everyday lives
of people in Canada, including their own lives. Students will gain an understanding of the need for laws,
and of their rights, freedoms, and responsibilities under Canadian law. Topics include laws relating to
marriage, the workplace, cyberbullying, and criminal offences.Students will begin to develop legalreasoning skills and will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the inquiry process when investigating
legal issues that are relevant to life in Canada today.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: WorkplaceGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: Grade 10 Canadian History Since World War I, Academic or Applied (With the approval of the ministry, a locally developed Grade 10 course in Canadian history may also serve as the prerequisite.)
Understanding Canadian Law CLU3M
This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in
Canada. Students will gain an understanding of laws relating to rights and freedoms in Canada; our legal
system; and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will develop legal reasoning
skills and will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process when investigating
a range of legal issues and formulating and communicating informed opinions about them.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
Politics in Action: Making Change CPC3O
This course enables students to develop plans for change in the local, national, and/or global community.
Students will explore various issues, investigating their causes as well as their impact, and determining
where change is needed, and why. They will examine the effectiveness of various problem-solving
strategies used by individuals and groups that have brought about and/or are attempting to bring about
political change in democratic societies. In addition, students will analyse the role and perspectives of
governments and other stakeholders in relation to issues of political importance and will consider factors
affecting their own and others’ political engagement. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking
and the political inquiry process as they investigate various issues of political importance and develop a
plan of action to address a selected issue.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
Analysing Current Economic Issues CIA4U
This course examines current Canadian and international economic issues, developments, policies, and
practices from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the decisions that individuals and institutions,
including governments, make in response to economic issues such as globalization, trade agreements,
economic inequalities, regulation, and public spending. Students will apply the concepts of economic
thinking and the economic inquiry process, as well as economic models and theories, to investigate, and
develop informed opinions about, economic trade-offs, growth, and sustainability and related economic
issues.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Making Personal Economic Choices CIC4E
This course provides students with a fundamental understanding of a variety of key economic issues and
practices, helping them develop their ability to make informed economic choices in their day-to-day lives.
Students will examine practical financial matters, such as personal budgeting, taxes, credit and debt, and
savings and investment, as well as various economic issues, such as those related to the underground
economy, economic inequities, and consumer behaviour. Students will apply the concepts of economic
thinking, the economic inquiry process, and economic models to investigate various economic issues and
structures and to analyse the impact of economic decisions, including their own decisions, at the
individual, community, and national level.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: WorkplaceGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2DL - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century (ESL) or CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2L - Canadian History since World War 1 or CHC2L1 - History- Locally Developed or CHC2P1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
Legal Studies CLN4C
This course provides a foundation for students who wish to pursue a career that requires an understanding of law. Students will explore the importance of law, analysing contemporary legal issues and their relevance to daily life. They will investigate the requirements for various law-related careers as well as legal responsibilities in the workplace. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process to investigate their rights and responsibilities, legal processes and structures, and the role of law in a changing society.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CHV2O1 - Civics and Citizenship or CHV2O - Civics and Citizenship
Canadian and International Law CLN4U
This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law and of issues related to human rights and freedoms, conflict resolution, and criminal, environmental, and workplace law, both in Canada and internationally. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process, and will develop legal reasoning skills, when investigating these and other issues in both Canadian and international contexts.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Canadian and World Politics CPW4U
This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore
political decision making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions,
including governments, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and
work to address domestic and international issues. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking
and the political inquiry process to investigate issues, events, and developments of national and
international political importance, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Geography
This chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

Geography
Issues in Canadian Geography CGC1D
This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
Issues in Canadian Geography CGC1P
This course focuses on current geographic issues that affect Canadians. Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore issues relating to food and water supplies, competing land uses, interactions with the natural environment, and other topics relevant to sustainable living in Canada. They will also develop an awareness that issues that affect their lives in Canada are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world. Throughout the course, students will use the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
Regional Geography CGD3M
This course explores interrelationships between the land and people in a selected region as well as interconnections between this region and the rest of the world. Students will explore the region’s environmental, socio-economic, and cultural characteristics and will investigate issues related to natural resources, economic development and sustainability, population change, globalization, and quality of life. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate a range of geographic issues in the region.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1DL - Geography of Canada (ESL) or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters CGF3M
In this course, students will explore physical processes related to the earth’s water, land, and air. They
will investigate how these processes shape the planet’s natural characteristics and affect human systems,
how they are involved in the creation of natural disasters, and how they influence the impacts of human
disasters. Throughout the course, students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the
geographic inquiry process and use spatial technologies to analyse these processes, make predictions
related to natural disasters, and assess ways of responding to them.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography
Travel and Tourism: A Geographic Perspective CGG3O
This course focuses on issues related to travel and tourism within and between various regions of the
world. Students will investigate unique environmental, sociocultural, economic, and political
characteristics of selected world regions. They will explore travel patterns and trends as well as tensions
related to tourism, and will predict future tourism destinations. Students will apply the concepts of
geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate the
impact of the travel industry on natural environments and human communities.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
Introduction to Spatial Technologies CGT3O
This course enables students to develop practical skills associated with spatial technologies and to
investigate related career opportunities. Students will develop their ability to use geographic information
systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), and remote sensing technologies. They will apply the
concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process when conducting fieldwork, collecting
and organizing data, and analysing spatial images such as maps and aerial photographs. Throughout the
course, students' local context is emphasized.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
Spatial Technologies in Action CGO4M
This course provides a foundation for students who are considering pursuing a career that requires
hands-on knowledge of computer-based spatial technologies. Students will analyse and propose
solutions to real-life issues related to spatial organization, such as determining transportation routes,
appropriate locations for community services, or potential conservation and preservation areas. Students
will extend their ability to use geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS),
and remote sensing and to create maps, charts, and graphs. Throughout the course, students will apply
the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process to investigate various issues
related to spatial organization.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any college, university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Living in a Sustainable World CGR4E
This course examines the impact of human activity on the natural environment. Students will explore the
use of natural spaces and resources and the effects of planning decisions and consumer choices on
natural systems. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry
process, including spatial technologies, to investigate practical solutions to environmental issues,
enabling them to make more sustainable decisions at home, in the workplace, and in the local
community.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: WorkplaceGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography
The Environment and Resource Management CGR4M
This course investigates interactions between natural and human systems, with a particular emphasis on
the impacts of human activity on ecosystems and natural processes. Students will use the geographic
inquiry process, apply the concepts of geographic thinking, and employ a variety of spatial skills and
technologies to analyse these impacts and propose ways of reducing them. In the course of their
investigations, they will assess resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related
government policies and international accords. They will also consider questions of individual
responsibility and environmental stewardship as they explore ways of developing a more sustainable
relationship with the environment.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any college, university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
World Geography: Urban Patterns and Population Issues CGU4M
The world's population is growing, it is moving and intermixing, and it is increasingly found in cities. This
course explores these changes and the challenges that come with them. Students will investigate the
forces that are shaping the world's communities, the patterns of interaction between these communities,
the quality of life within them, and their impact on the world around them. Students will apply the concepts
of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial skills and technologies as they
investigate issues related to population change and urban life and propose ways of enhancing the
sustainability of communities around the world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
World Geography: Human Patterns and Interactions CGU4U
This course examines how humans interact with their natural environments and with each other. Students will study the influence of spatial, political, economic, and social factors on settlement patterns, human migration, cultural change, globalization, and environmental trends. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry and analysis to extend their knowledge of human geography and to identify and explain current trends and patterns, and predict future ones.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
World Issues: A Geographic Analysis CGW4C
This course explores the many difficult challenges facing Canada and the world today – challenges such as unequal access to food, water, and energy; urbanization; globalization; and meeting the needs of a growing world population while ensuring the sustainability of the natural environment. Students will explore these and other world issues from environmental, social, economic, and political perspectives, while applying the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1DL - Geography of Canada (ESL) or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
World Issues: A Geographic Analysis CGW4U
In this course, students will address the challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. They will explore issues involving a wide range of topics, including economic disparities, threats to the environment, globalization, human rights, and quality of life, and analyse government policies, international agreements, and individual responsibilities relating to them. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including the use of spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues and their impacts on natural and human communities around the world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
History
This chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

History
Canadian History Since World War I CHC2D
This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 10
Canadian History since World War 1 CHC2L
This course focuses on the connections between the student and key people, events, and themes in Canadian history from World War I to the present. Students prepare for the Grades 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation history courses through the development and extension of historical literacy and inquiry skills. Students explore a variety of topics highlighting individuals and events that have contributed to the story of Canada. The major themes of Canadian identity, internal and external relationships, and changes since 1914, are explored through guided investigation. Students have the opportunity to extend analytical skills with a focus on identifying and interpreting events and perspectives and making connections. Students practice reading, writing, visual, and oral literacy skills, and mathematical literacy skills to identify and communicate ideas in a variety of forms.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: Locally DevelopedGRADE: 10
Canadian History Since World War I CHC2P
This course focuses on the social context of historical developments and events and how they have affected the lives of people in Canada since 1914. Students will explore interactions between various communities in Canada as well as contributions of individuals and groups to Canadian heritage and identity. Students will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating the continuing relevance of historical developments and how they have helped shape communities in present-day Canada.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 10
Civics and Citizenship CHV2O
This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in today’s world and of personal interest to them.
CREDIT: 0.5TYPE: OpenGRADE: 10
American History CHA3U
This course explores key aspects of the social, economic, and political development of the United States
from precontact to the present. Students will examine the contributions of groups and individuals to the
country’s evolution and will explore the historical context of key issues, trends, and events that have had

4
an impact on the United States, its identity and culture, and its role in the global community. Students will
extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including
the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating various forces that helped shape American
history.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
Origins and Citizenship: The History of a Canadian Ethnic Group CHE3O
This course focuses on the history of people who came to Canada from a specific country or region.
Students will explore historical developments and events in the group’s country of origin, the factors that
influenced the decision of members of this group to emigrate, their historical experiences in Canada, and
their contributions to Canadian identity and heritage. Students will apply the concepts of historical thinking
and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when
investigating various aspects of the group’s history.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2DL - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century (ESL) or CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2L - Canadian History since World War 1 or CHC2L1 - History- Locally Developed or CHC2P1 - Canadian History in the Twentieth Century or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
World History since 1900: Global and Regional Interactions CHT3O
This course focuses on major developments in world history from 1900 to the present. Students will
explore the causes and consequences of global and regional conflicts, the impact of significant individuals
and social movements, and the effects of social, economic, and political developments around the world.
Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry
process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating interactions within and
between nations and other historical developments and events, including those that continue to affect
people in various parts of the world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2L - Canadian History since World War 1
World History to the End of the Fifteenth Century CHW3M
This course explores the history of various societies and civilizations around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will investigate a range of factors that contributed to the rise, success, and decline of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world and will examine life in and the cultural and political legacy of these societies. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CHC2D - Canadian History Since World War I or CHC2P - Canadian History Since World War I
Canada: History, Identity, and Culture CHI4U
This course traces the history of Canada, with a focus on the evolution of our national identity and culture
as well as the identity and culture of various groups that make up Canada. Students will explore various
developments and events, both national and international, from precontact to the present, and will
examine various communities in Canada and how they have contributed to the development of identity
and heritage in Canada. Students will investigate the development of culture and identity, including
national identity, in Canada and how and why they have changed throughout the country’s history. They
will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process,
including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate the people, events, and forces
that have shaped Canada.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Adventures in World History CHM4E
This course examines significant developments and events in world history from earliest times to the
present. Students will explore a variety of social, cultural, economic, and political developments in
different regions of the world and during different periods. In addition to investigating how conflict, religion,
work, and technology have helped shape people’s lives, students will examine the contributions of some
significant individuals to our global heritage. Students will apply the concepts of historical thinking and the
historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating a
variety of human experiences in world history.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: WorkplaceGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Grade 10 Canadian History Since World War I, Academic or Applied (With the approval of the ministry, a locally developed Grade 10 course in Canadian history may also serve as the prerequisite.)
World History since the Fifteenth Century CHY4C
This course explores key developments and events in world history since approximately 1450, with a
focus on interactions within and between various regions. Students will examine social, economic, and
political developments and how they have affected different peoples. Students will extend their ability to
apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and
analysis of evidence, when investigating key turning points in world history and historical forces that have
shaped our world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any college, university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
World History since the Fifteenth Century CHY4U
This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students
will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the
role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the
concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis
of evidence, as they investigate key issues and ideas and assess societal progress or decline in world
history.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.