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Disciplines
Geography
This chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

Geography
Issues in Canadian Geography CGC1D
This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 9
Issues in Canadian Geography CGC1P
This course focuses on current geographic issues that affect Canadians. Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore issues relating to food and water supplies, competing land uses, interactions with the natural environment, and other topics relevant to sustainable living in Canada. They will also develop an awareness that issues that affect their lives in Canada are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world. Throughout the course, students will use the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AppliedGRADE: 9
Regional Geography CGD3M
This course explores interrelationships between the land and people in a selected region as well as interconnections between this region and the rest of the world. Students will explore the region’s environmental, socio-economic, and cultural characteristics and will investigate issues related to natural resources, economic development and sustainability, population change, globalization, and quality of life. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate a range of geographic issues in the region.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: AcademicGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1DL - Geography of Canada (ESL) or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters CGF3M
In this course, students will explore physical processes related to the earth’s water, land, and air. They
will investigate how these processes shape the planet’s natural characteristics and affect human systems,
how they are involved in the creation of natural disasters, and how they influence the impacts of human
disasters. Throughout the course, students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the
geographic inquiry process and use spatial technologies to analyse these processes, make predictions
related to natural disasters, and assess ways of responding to them.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography
Travel and Tourism: A Geographic Perspective CGG3O
This course focuses on issues related to travel and tourism within and between various regions of the
world. Students will investigate unique environmental, sociocultural, economic, and political
characteristics of selected world regions. They will explore travel patterns and trends as well as tensions
related to tourism, and will predict future tourism destinations. Students will apply the concepts of
geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate the
impact of the travel industry on natural environments and human communities.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
Introduction to Spatial Technologies CGT3O
This course enables students to develop practical skills associated with spatial technologies and to
investigate related career opportunities. Students will develop their ability to use geographic information
systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS), and remote sensing technologies. They will apply the
concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process when conducting fieldwork, collecting
and organizing data, and analysing spatial images such as maps and aerial photographs. Throughout the
course, students' local context is emphasized.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: OpenGRADE: 11
Spatial Technologies in Action CGO4M
This course provides a foundation for students who are considering pursuing a career that requires
hands-on knowledge of computer-based spatial technologies. Students will analyse and propose
solutions to real-life issues related to spatial organization, such as determining transportation routes,
appropriate locations for community services, or potential conservation and preservation areas. Students
will extend their ability to use geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS),
and remote sensing and to create maps, charts, and graphs. Throughout the course, students will apply
the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process to investigate various issues
related to spatial organization.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any college, university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
Living in a Sustainable World CGR4E
This course examines the impact of human activity on the natural environment. Students will explore the
use of natural spaces and resources and the effects of planning decisions and consumer choices on
natural systems. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry
process, including spatial technologies, to investigate practical solutions to environmental issues,
enabling them to make more sustainable decisions at home, in the workplace, and in the local
community.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: WorkplaceGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography
The Environment and Resource Management CGR4M
This course investigates interactions between natural and human systems, with a particular emphasis on
the impacts of human activity on ecosystems and natural processes. Students will use the geographic
inquiry process, apply the concepts of geographic thinking, and employ a variety of spatial skills and
technologies to analyse these impacts and propose ways of reducing them. In the course of their
investigations, they will assess resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related
government policies and international accords. They will also consider questions of individual
responsibility and environmental stewardship as they explore ways of developing a more sustainable
relationship with the environment.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any college, university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
World Geography: Urban Patterns and Population Issues CGU4M
The world's population is growing, it is moving and intermixing, and it is increasingly found in cities. This
course explores these changes and the challenges that come with them. Students will investigate the
forces that are shaping the world's communities, the patterns of interaction between these communities,
the quality of life within them, and their impact on the world around them. Students will apply the concepts
of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial skills and technologies as they
investigate issues related to population change and urban life and propose ways of enhancing the
sustainability of communities around the world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: University/CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities
World Geography: Human Patterns and Interactions CGU4U
This course examines how humans interact with their natural environments and with each other. Students will study the influence of spatial, political, economic, and social factors on settlement patterns, human migration, cultural change, globalization, and environmental trends. Students will use geotechnologies and skills of geographic inquiry and analysis to extend their knowledge of human geography and to identify and explain current trends and patterns, and predict future ones.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.
World Issues: A Geographic Analysis CGW4C
This course explores the many difficult challenges facing Canada and the world today – challenges such as unequal access to food, water, and energy; urbanization; globalization; and meeting the needs of a growing world population while ensuring the sustainability of the natural environment. Students will explore these and other world issues from environmental, social, economic, and political perspectives, while applying the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: CollegeGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: CGC1D1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1DL - Geography of Canada (ESL) or CGC1D - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P1 - Issues in Canadian Geography or CGC1P - Issues in Canadian Geography
World Issues: A Geographic Analysis CGW4U
In this course, students will address the challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. They will explore issues involving a wide range of topics, including economic disparities, threats to the environment, globalization, human rights, and quality of life, and analyse government policies, international agreements, and individual responsibilities relating to them. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including the use of spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues and their impacts on natural and human communities around the world.
CREDIT: 1TYPE: UniversityGRADE: 12
PREREQUISITE: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities.