Mathematics 
This chart maps out all the courses in the discipline and shows the links between courses and the possible prerequisites for them. It does not attempt to depict all possible movements from course to course.

Mathematics  MAT1L 
This course focuses on the knowledge and skills required to be well prepared for success in the Grade 10 Locallydeveloped Mathematics (MAT2L). It will support students in developing and enhancing strategies that they need to develop mathematical literacy skills and the confidence to use these skills in their daytoday lives. The areas of Money Sense, Measurement and Proportional Reasoning form the basis of the course content. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: LocallyDeveloped  GRADE: 9 
PREREQUISITE: With Principal's permission 
Foundations of Mathematics  MFM1P 
This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and handson activities. Students will investigate reallife examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of threedimensional figures and twodimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Applied  GRADE: 9 
Principles of Mathematics  MPM1D 
This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of threedimensional figures and twodimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Academic  GRADE: 9 
Mathematics  MAT2L 
This Grade 10 course is designed to allow students to solidify and extend their understanding of, and confidence in using, the concepts developed in MAT1L so that they are well prepared for success in the Mathematics Grade 11 Workplace Preparation course (MEL3E). In the Grade 10 course, students are asked to demonstrate a greater depth of understanding and level of complexity, in contexts that move them from their immediate personal environment to the larger community. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: LocallyDeveloped  GRADE: 10 
PREREQUISITE: With Principal's permission 
Foundations of Mathematics  MFM2P 
This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problemsolving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and handson activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using reallife examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of threedimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Applied  GRADE: 10 
PREREQUISITE: MFM1P  Foundations of Mathematics or MPM1D  Principles of Mathematics 
Principles of Mathematics  MPM2D 
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problemsolving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Academic  GRADE: 10 
PREREQUISITE: MPM1D  Principles of Mathematics 
Foundations for College Mathematics  MBF3C 
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: College  GRADE: 11 
PREREQUISITE: MFM2P  Foundations of Mathematics 
Functions and Applications  MCF3M 
This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling realworld situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: University/College  GRADE: 11 
PREREQUISITE: MFM2P  Foundations of Mathematics or MPM2D  Principles of Mathematics 
Functions  MCR3U 
This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: University  GRADE: 11 
PREREQUISITE: MPM2D  Principles of Mathematics 
Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life  MEL3E 
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes, and making purchases; apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing; and calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of situations. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Workplace  GRADE: 11 
PREREQUISITE: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied, or a Grade 10 Mathematics LDCC (locally developed compulsory credit) course 
Foundations for College Mathematics  MAP4C 
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of realworld applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; solve financial problems connected with annuities, budgets, and renting or owning accommodation; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: College  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: MBF3C  Foundations for College Mathematics or MCF3M  Functions and Applications 
Mathematics for College Technology  MCT4C 
This course enables students to extend their knowledge of functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial, exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, vectors, and geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multistep problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college technology programs. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: College  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: MCF3M  Functions and Applications 
Calculus and Vectors  MCV4U 
This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in threedimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of realworld relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a universitylevel calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: University  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation, must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors. 
Mathematics of Data Management  MDM4U 
This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: University  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: MCF3M  Functions and Applications or MCR3U  Functions 
Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life  MEL4E 
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in the workplace and daily life. Students will investigate questions involving the use of statistics; apply the concept of probability to solve problems involving familiar situations; investigate accommodation costs, create household budgets, and prepare a personal income tax return; use proportional reasoning; estimate and measure; and apply geometric concepts to create designs. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: Workplace  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: MEL3E  Mathematics for Work and Everyday Life 
Advanced Functions  MHF4U 
This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. 
CREDIT: 1  TYPE: University  GRADE: 12 
PREREQUISITE: MCR3U  Functions or MCT4C  Mathematics for College Technology 